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Овощи России

Овощи России №4 2014

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ID745820
АннотацияНаучно-практический журнал «Овощи России» Важнейшими задачами журнала являются: обобщение научных и практических достижений в области селекции, семеноводства овощных культур, овощеводства, физиологии и биохимии растений, защиты растений, экономики сельского хозяйства, повышение научной и практической квалификации ученых, селекционеров, агрономов - овощеводов. Научная концепция издания предполагает публикацию современных достижений, результатов научных национальных и международных исследований в области овощеводства, селекции и семеноводства овощных культур, физиологии и биохимии растений, защиты растений, экономики сельского хозяйства и смежных дисциплин: биологии, биотехнологии, интродукции и др.
Овощи России [Электронный ресурс] .— 2008 .— 2014 .— №4 .— 100 с. — Режим доступа: https://rucont.ru/efd/745820

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Овощи_России_№4_2014.pdf
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Овощи_России_№4_2014.pdf
Научнопрактический журнал № 4 (25)2014 Издаётся с декабря 2008 г. Журнал предназначен для ученых и практиков овощеводства, селекционеров, семеноводов VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA Published since 2008 и овощеводовлюбителей Учредитель и издатель журнала: The journal of science and practical applications in agriculture № 4 (25) 2014 The journal is recommended for scientists and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing. The journal founder & publisher: Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production EditorinChief Pivovarov V.F. – Academician of RAS, a director of AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Editorial Board E.V. Zhuravleva, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations of Russian Federation A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture A.M. Artemeva, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.I. Bocharnikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture L.L. Bondareva, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Burenin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.A. Golubkina, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture A.N. Ignatov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.U. Kan, PhD, agriculture P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture G.D. Levko, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture F.B. Musaev, PhD, agriculture Главный редактор В.Ф. Пивоваров – академик РАН, директор ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Редакционный совет Е.В. Журавлева – доктор с.х. наук, начальник отдела координации деятельности учреждений растениеводства ФАНО России Ж.П. Данаилов – доктор с.х. наук, Председатель национальной научноэкспертной комиссии «Сельскохозяйственные науки», Министерство образования и науки Болгарии В.Н. Прохоров – доктор биол. наук, Институт экспериментальной ботаники им. Купревича НАН Беларуси S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture В.В. Скорина – доктор с.х. наук, профессор, Белорусская ГСХА А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с.х. наук,ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК А.М. Артемьева – кандидат с.х. наук, ГНУ ВИР И.Т. Балашова – доктор биол. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Н.И. Бочарникова – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Л.Л. Бондарева – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК В.И. Буренин – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК М.С. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК В.К. Гинс – доктор биол. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Н.А. Голубкина – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК А.Н. Игнатов – доктор биол. наук, Центр «Биоинженерия» РАН Л.Ю. Кан – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Г.Д. Левко – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК М.И. Мамедов – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Ф.Б. Мусаев – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК С.М. Надежкин – доктор биол. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Л.В. Павлов – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК О.Н. Пышная – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК С.М. Сирота – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Всероссийский научноисследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур" (ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК) В.И. Старцев – доктор с.х. наук, Департамент научнотехнологической политики и образования Министерства сельского хозяйства РФ Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Н.И. Тимин – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК В.А. Харченко – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Ю.В. Чесноков – доктор биол. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Yu.V. Chesnokov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology N.A. Shmikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Zh.P. Danailov – Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, Bulgaria V.N. Prokhorov – Principal Scientist, PhD, biology, Belarus V.V. Skorina – Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, Belarus Responsible Scientific Editor M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Translation V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture Technical editor, webmaster Pronin S.S. Bibliographer A.G. Razorenova Photographing A.P. Lebedev Designer K.V. Yansitov (Original model and imposition) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Address of the publishing office: Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK), Selektsionnaya St., 14, VNIISSOK, Odintsovo region, Moscow district, Russia, 143080, Editorial and Publishing Unit Email: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru http://www.vegetables.su Tel. +7(495)5992442, +7(495)5947722 Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject and technical requirements December 2014 Ответственный редактор М.М. Тареева – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Перевод на английский язык Технический редактор, поддержка сайта Пронин С.С., ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Библиограф А.П. Лебедев Разорёнова А.Г., ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Фото Дизайн и верстка К.В. Янситов –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Адрес редакции: 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский район, п/о Лесной городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, ул. Селекционная, д. 14, Издательство ВНИИССОК Email: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru http://www.vegetables.su Тел: +7(495)5992442, +7(495)5947722 Факс: +7(495) 5992277 Подписной индекс в объединенном каталоге «Пресса России» 13168 Журнал входит в Перечень ведущих рецензируемых научных журналов и изданий, в которых должны быть опубликованы основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени доктора и кандидата наук. При перепечатке материалов ссылка на журнал обязательна. Редакция журнала не несет ответственность за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе. Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения в предоставленные материалы в случае их несоответствия техническим требованиям и некорректной смысловой нагрузки. Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать с точкой зрения редакции. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций. Свидетельство ПИ №ФС7760061 от 10 декабря 2014 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media and Mass Communications of RF. The license ПИ №ФС7760061 of the 10h Circulation is 1000 copies Тираж 1000 экземпляров. Подписано в печать 28.12.2014 Отпечатано в РПК «МедиаМикс» В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК Т.П. Супрунова – кандидат с.х. наук, ФГБНУ ВНИИССОК 127411, г. Москва, Дмитровское шоссе, дом 157 строение 9, офис 9108 Тел.: +7 (495) 6650544, www.mdmix.ru
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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ CONTENTS ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА СЕЛЕКЦИИ И СЕМЕНОВОДСТВА СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННЫХ КУЛЬТУР Мамедов М.И. Перспективы защищенного грунта в России. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Шумилина Д.В., Батманова А.И., Шмыкова Н.А., Бондарева Л.Л. в Повышение эффективности опыления капусты белокочанной ИНТРОДУКЦИЯ НОВЫХ РАСТЕНИЙ Гинс М.С., Загиров Н.Г., Байков А.А. Перспективность интродукции нетрадиционных плодовых, ягодных и овощных культур в условиях Дагестана АГРАРНАЯ НАУКА В МИРЕ Мусаев Ф.Б., Козарь Е.Г. случае низкой жизнеспособности пыльцы. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 (XI Международная научнометодическая конференция «Интродукция, сохранение и использование биологического разнообразия культурных растений» 1014 июня 2014 года, г. Махачкала). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Международная научнопрактическая конференция «Физиология и генетика растений – успехи и проблемы», 2426 сентября 2014 года, София, Республика Болгария. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Шиманский Л.П., Копылович В.Л., Сикорский А.В., Сирота С.М., Агафонов А.Ф., Пронина Е.П. Основные итоги российскобелорусского сотрудничества по селекции овощных бобовых и луковых культур. . . . . . . .23 СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ СЕЛЕКЦИИ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР Пронина Е.П., Котляр И.П., Кайгородова И.М., Ушаков В.А. Направления селекции гороха овощного консервного использования во ВНИИССОК. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Кайгородова И.М., Пышная О.Н., Пронина Е.П. Напряженность отбора в потомствах от диаллельных скрещиваний гороха овощного (Pisum sativum L). . . . . . . . . . .30 Козак В.И., Юдаева В.Е. в Изучение генофонда томата из мировой коллекции ВИР открытом грунте Подмосковья. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Бондарева Л.Л., Разин О.А. THEORY AND PRACTICE OF CROPS BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION Mamedov M.I. Prospects of protected ground in Russia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Shumilina D.V., Batmanova A.I., Shmykova N.A., Bondareva L.L. Enhancement of efficiency of white head cabbage pollination in case of low pollen viability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 INTRODUCTION OF NEW CROPS Gins M.S., Zagirov N.G., Baykov A.A. Prospects of introduction of nontraditional fruit berry and vegetable crops in the conditions of Dagestan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 AGRARIAN SCIENCE IN THE WORLD Musayev F.B., Kozar E.G. International scientific conference «Plant physiology and genetics – successes and challenges», 2426 September 2014, Sofia, Republic of Bulgaria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Shimansky L.P., Kopilovich V.L., Sikorsky A.V., Sirota S.M., Agafonov A.F., Pronina E.P. The main outcome of the RussianBelarusian cooperation in breeding of legumes and onion crops. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 MODERN TRENDS IN BREEDING OF VEGETABLE CROPS Pronina E.P., Kotlyar I.P., Kaygorodova I.M., Ushakov V.A. Aspects of breeding in VNIISSOK of green pea for canning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Kaigorodova I.M., Pishnaya O.N., Pronina E.P. Severity of progeny selection from diallel crossing of pea (Pisum sativum L.). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Kozak V.I., Udaeva V.E. Использование камер искусственного климата при селекции капусты. . . .37 Гороховский В.Ф. Этапы развития селекции огурца в лаборатории селекции овощных культур Приднестровского НИИ сельского хозяйства. . . . . . . . . . .40 Шульпеков А.С., Сирота С.М., Добруцкая Е.Г., Пронина Е.П. Оценка адаптивности сортов гороха овощного, пригодных для заморозки в условиях югозапада ЦЧР. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Середин Т.М., Солдатенко А.В., Добруцкая Е.Г., Агафонов А.Ф., Герасимова Л.И. Сортовое разнообразие чеснока озимого по уровню накопления радионуклидов в условиях Нечерноземья. . . . . . . . .48 Королева С.В. Особенности селекции капусты белокочанной для юга РФ в свете современных требований. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Павлова А.Ю., Поликарпова Ф.Я., Козак Н.В., Джура Н.Ю., Туть Е.А., Салимова С.А. Развитие научного наследия Э.И. Колбасиной по интродукции нетрадиционных культур в центральный регион РФ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Игнатов А.Н., Павлова М.Е., Терехин А.А., Хида К. Распределение и наследование «А» типа оболочки семян в популяции Brassica rapa L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 ПРОБЛЕМЫ ПЕРЕРАБОТКИ И ХРАНЕНИЯ ОВОЩНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ Мачулкина В.А., Санникова Т.А., Павлов Л.В. Влияние типа почвы и условий хранения на качество плодов тыквы. . . . . . .64 АГРОТЕХНИКА ОВОЩНЫХ РАСТЕНИЙ Ахмедова П.М. Влияние схем посева и густоты стояния растений на продуктивность и среднюю массу плодов скороспелого сорта томата Ляна. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Гончаренко В.Е., Мозговский А.Ф. Альтернативная система удобрения, ее влияние на урожайность и качество капусты белокочанной позднеспелой. . . . . . . . . . . .72 МЕХАНИЗАЦИЯ СЕЛЬКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА Токарев П.Н., Войнов А.И., Цыганок Н.С. Стационарнопередвижной выделитель семян из плодов тыквенных культур. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 ЭКОНОМИКА И ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА Жаров А.Н., Жарова Л.Л. Оценка устойчивости производства овощей в Приволжском ФО. . . . . . . . . .80 ФИЗИОЛОГИЯ И БИОХИМИЯ РАСТЕНИЙ Гинс М.С., Торрес Миньо К.Х., Гинс Е.М. и Изучение свойств красящего экстракта из соцветий ОВОЩНАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ Фролова О., Тареева М.М. Гаплаев М.Ш. листьев амаранта и перспективы его использования. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 IV Международная конференция, посвященная вопросам потребления брокколи «Брокколи. Вкус и польза от природы», 78 октября 2014 года, Польша, г. Сероцк. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 Влияние погодных условий в разных зонах Центрального Предкавказья на урожайность свеклы столовой. . . . . . . . . . . .94 научнопрактический журнал Study of the tomato gene pool of VIR world collection in the open ground in Moscow region. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Bondareva L.L., Razin O.A. Use of growth chambers for cabbage breeding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Gorokhovsky V.F. Stages of cucumber breeding in the laboratory of breeding of vegetable crops of Transnistrian agricultural research institute. . . . . . . . . . . .40 Shulpekov A.S., Sirota S.M., Dobrutskaya E.G., Pronina E.P. Adaptivity evaluation of pea varieties suitable for freezing in the southwestern of Central Chernozem zone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Seredin T.M., Soldatenko A.V., Dobrutskaya E.G., Agafonov A.F., Gerasimova L.I. Varietal diversity of winter garlic according to radionuclides accumulation in conditions of the Nonchernozem zone. . . . . .48 Koroleva S.V. Breeding features of cabbage for the south of Russia in view of modern requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Pavlova A.Y., Polikarpova F.Y., Kozak N.V., Jura N.Y., Tut E.A., Salimova S.A. Development of heritage E.I. Kolbasina on introduction of nontraditional crops in the central region of the Russian Federation. . . . . . . . . .57 Ignatov A.N., Pavlova M.E., Terekhin A.A., Hida K. Geographic distribution and inheritance of «А» type seed coat in Brassica rapa L. population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 PROBLEMS OF STORAGE AND PROCESSING OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTS Machulkina V.A.,Sannikova T.A.,Pavlov L.V. Effect of soil type and storage condition on fruit quality of pumpkin. . . . . . . . . . .64 AGROTEKHNICS OF VEGETABLE CROPS Ahmedova P.M. Influence of sowing schemes and plant density on productivity and average fruits weight of the tomato cv. Lyana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Goncharenko V.E., Mozgovsky A.F. Alternative fertilizer system, its influence on yield and quality of lateripening white head cabbage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY Tokarev P.N., Voinov A.I., Tsiganok N.S. Stationarymobile seeds extractor from fruits of cucurbit crops. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 AGRICULTURALMANAGEMENT Zharov A.N., Zharova L.L. Evaluation of the sustainability of vegetables production in Privolzkjsky federal district. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 PLANTS PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Gins M.S., Torres Mino C.J., Gins E.M. Properties of staining extract from inflorescences and leaves of amaranth and its application potential. . . . . .84 VEGETABLES GEOGRAPHY Frolova O., Tareeva M.M. IV international broccoli consumption conference «Broccoli. The taste of nature». . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 Gaplaev M.S. [ 1 ] Influence of weather conditions on red beet yield in various zones of the Forecaucasus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 овощи россии № 4 (25) 2014
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RESUMES THEORY AND PRACTICE OF CROPS BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION PROSPECTS OF PROTECTED GROUND IN RUSSIA Mamedov M.I. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: mubarismamedov@yandex.ru The article analyzes the current state and prospects of protected ground development in the Russian Federation based on the data of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Federal State Statistics Service. The indexes of production of vegetable crops in dif ferent regions of the Russian Federation are given. The problems, which are holding back the green house business, are discussed. The possibilities of increasing the area of protected ground and veg etable production are shown. Keywords: protected ground, greenhouse production, vegetables, tomato, peppers, lettuce. ENHANCEMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF WHITE HEAD CABBAGE POLLINATION IN CASE OF LOW POLLEN VIABILITY Shumilina D.V., Batmanova A.I., Shmykova N.A., Bondareva L.L. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute for Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: dasha2409@yandex.ru The way of improvement of the efficiency of white head cabbage pollination in case of low pollen viabil ity is presented. The optimal culture medium with Tris maintaining pH 89 for germination of cabbage pollen was determined. Pollination of style by the suspension of pollen in the optimal culture medium was suggested. This method allows obtaining of seeds of doubled haploid plants with partially sterile pollen. Keywords: white head cabbage, haploid, pollen viability, media for pollen germination. INTRODUCTION OF NEW CROPS PROSPECTS OF INTRODUCTION OF NONTRADITIONAL FRUIT, BERRY AND VEGETABLE CROPS IN THE CONDITIONS OF DAGESTAN Gins M.S.1 , Zagirov N.G.2 1 , Baykov A.A.1 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute for Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, p. VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: anirr@bk.ru 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Dagestan Institute of Agriculture them. FG Kisriev (FGBNU Dagestan Agricultural Research Institute) 367014, Russia, Dagestan, Makhachkala, Ave A.Akushinskogo, Science Park Email: niva1956@mail.ru June 913, 2014 in Makhachkala hosted XI International scientificmethodical conference on the theme: «Introduction, conservation and use of biological diversity of cultivated plants», organized by FGBNU VNIISSOK, Dagestan Research Institute for Agriculture and GBS DSC RAS. The conference was attended by scientists from Russia, CIS and for eign countries. Due to the conference Dagestan turned out to be a prime location for the cultivation of both traditional and nontraditional plants with a high content of biologically active substances, as well as a training ground for resistance tests because of the combination of mountain and plain zones. Keywords: vegetable production, introduction, breeding, seed, antioxidants, stress. AGRARIAN SCIENCE IN THE WORLD INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE «PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND GENETICS – SUC CESSES AND CHALLENGES», 2426 SEPTEMBER 2014, SOFIA, REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA Musayev F.B., Kozar E.G. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, p. VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: musayev@bk.ru 2426 September 2014 in the Republic of Bulgaria the International scientific and practical conference entitled «Plant Physiology and Genetics – Achievements and Challenges» was hold. The forum discussed the biotechnology and genetic approaches for environ mental and sustainable agriculture; genetic resources and biodiversity; efficient use of plant nutrition and sym biotic interaction; regulation of plant growth and devel opment; photosynthesis under stress conditions. Keywords: physiology, genetics, ecology, plants, agriculture, conference, Bulgaria. THE MAIN OUTCOME OF THE RUSSIANBELARU SIAN COOPERATION IN BREEDING OF LEGUMES AND ONION CROPS Shimansky L.P.1 Sirota S.M. 2 , Kopilovich V.L.1 , Agafonov A.F.2 1 , Sikorsky A.V.1 , Pronina E.P.2 RSSUE «The Polesie Institute of Plant Industry» of the Republic of Belarus, Republican Scientific Subsidiary Unitary Enterprise 247781, Belarus, Gomel region, Mozir district, a/r Krinichnyi, Street Shkolnaya, 2, tel. +375 (236) 398466, email: mzpolfl@mail.gomel.by 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The RussianBelarusian cooperation in breeding of legumes and onion crops has resulted in development of new cultivars of pea (Samorodok), bean (Phaeton and Mignon), onion (Palesskaya znahodka, Patrida and Vermeles), winter garlic (Dubkovsky Asilak), which were included in 2014 in the State Register of the Republic of Belarus. Keywords: collaboration, pea, bean, onion, garlic, yield, cultivar, register. MODERN TRENDS IN BREEDING OF VEGETABLE CROPS ASPECTS OF BREEDING IN VNIISSOK OF GREEN PEA FOR CANNING Pronina E.P., Kotlyar I.P., Kaygorodova I.M., Ushakov V.A. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The article presents the methods and results of the competitive breeding of promising highquality vari eties of vegetable green pea for canning, as well as the main achievements of FGBNU VNIISSOK. Keywords: pea, genotype, variety, yield, conveyor, seed production, processing companies. SEVERITY OF PROGENY SELECTION FROM DIAL LEL CROSSING OF PEA (PISUM SATIVUM L). Kaigorodova I.M., Pishnaya O.N., Pronina E.P. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The promising pea varieties for canning with an opti mum combination of elements of yield production have been selected based on utilization of geographically dispersed and morphologically different forms in prog научнопрактический журнал [ 2 ] , eny of diallel crossing. A comparative evaluation of the severity selection in different hybrid generations is shown, from which conclusions are drawn about the breeding value of parental forms. Keywords: pea, variety, crossing, selection, group of ripeness, breeding value. STUDY OF THE TOMATO GENE POOL OF VIR WORLD COLLECTION IN THE OPEN GROUND IN MOSCOW REGION Kozak V.I., Udaeva V.E. Center of plant genetic resources and biological resources FGBNU «AllRussian Selection Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery» 115598, Russia, Moscow, Zagorevskaya st., D. 4 Email: mos_vstisp@mail.ru The results of study of 62 tomato accessions from the world collection of VIR in the open ground are present ed. The promising samples from different groups of ripeness were selected for several valuable agronomic characters. Keywords: collection, tomato, open ground, gene pool. USE OF GROWTH CHAMBERS FOR CABBAGE BREEDING Bondareva L.L., Razin O.A. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: lyuda_bondareva@mail.ru; oleg.rasin@gmail.com Use of the growth chambers for cabbage breeding allows the reducing of certain stages of the breeding process and the growing biennial varieties of cabbage in a oneyear cycle. In these growth chambers, the nutritional conditions, temperature, and lighting of plants are under control; the open pollination is elimi nated. Keywords: cabbage, seed yield, economic efficiency. STAGES OF CUCUMBER BREEDING IN THE LABORATORY OF BREEDING OF VEGETABLE CROPS Of TRANSNISTRIAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE Gorokhovsky V.F. Transniestrian Agricultural Research Institute 3300, Transniestria, Tiraspol, Mira 50 Tel .: (+373) 77792121, email: apisagro@yandex.ru str. Pacii, 50, Tiraspol, Transnistria, Moldova, MD3301 The main stages of development of research on cucumber breeding during more than 70 years in the Institute, and, in particular, in the laboratory of breeding are described. Keywords: breeding, cucumber, variety, hybrid, parthenocarpic and bee pollinated hybrids, plastic greenhouses. ADAPTIVITY EVALUATION OF PEA VARIETIES SUITABLE F OR FREEZING IN THE SOUTHWEST ERN OF CENTRAL CHERNOZEM ZONE Shulpekov A.S.1 Dobrutskaya E.G.2 , Sirota S.M.2 1 , , Pronina E.P.2 Belgorod State Agricultural Academy by V.Ya Gorin 308503, Russia, Belgorod, village Maiskiy, Vavilov st., 1 Email: knv1510@mail.ru 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The characteristics of adaptability of 24 pea varieties to justify the use of the assortment in the technology of conveyor cultivation of raw green peas for freezing in conditions of the southwest of the CCZ is presented. Keywords: vegetable pea, variety, yield, variability, adapt ability, stability, breeding value of genotype, conveyor. VARIETAL DIVERSITY OF WINTER GARLIC CCORDING TO RADIONUCLIDES ACCUMULATION овощи россии № 4 (25) 2014
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RESUMES IN CONDITIONS OF THE NONCHERNOZEM ZONE Seredin T.M., Soldatenko A.V., Dobrutskaya E.G., Agafonov A.F., Gerasimova L.I. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution AllRussian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, p. VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vnissоk@mail.ru; timaseredin@rambler.ru The results of evaluation of 5 varieties and 16 acces sions from the collection of winter garlic (Allium sativum L.) based on the level of accumulation of cesium137 and strontium90 in condition of the Moscow region are shown. Keywords: winter garlic, cesium 137, strontium90, radionuclides, biochemical content. BREEDING FEATURES OF CABBAGE FOR THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA IN VIEW OF MODERN REQUIREMENTS Koroleva S.V. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «AllRussian Research Institute of Rice» 350921, Russia, Krasnodar, p/o Belozernaya Email: arri_kub@mail.ru The article outlines the direction of breeding of cab bage for the south of Russia, taking into account the cli matic characteristics of the region. The breeding achievements are presented: F1 hybrids of different time of ripening, promising inbred lines with high com bining ability. An effective method of seed production of F1 hybrids, line, hybrids is proposed. Keywords: cabbage, F1 breeding, seed, resistance. DEVELOPMENT OF HERITAGE E.I. KOLBASINA ON INTRODUCTION OF NONTRADITIONAL CROPS IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF THE RUSS IAN FEDERATION Pavlova A.Y., Polikarpova F.Y., Kozak N.V., Jura N.Y., Tut E.A., Salimova S.A. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian SelectionTechnological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery 115598, Russia, Moscow, Zagorevskayast., 4 The main direction of half a century of scientific activity of Dr. biol. of Sc. E.I. Kolbasina were the introduction of the Central Region of the Russian the Far Eastern and the study of fruit lianas: Actinidia and Schisandrachinensis. Keywords: heritage, Actinidia, lemongrass Chinese. GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION AND INHERITANCE OF «A» TYPE SEED COAT IN BRASSICA RAPA L. POPULATION Ignatov A.N.1 ,2 , Pavlova M.E. 2 Terekhin A.A. 2, Hida K.3 1 Center «Bioengineering» RAS pr. 60letiya Oktyabrya, 7/1, Moscow, Russia, 117312 2 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia MiklukhoMaklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198 3 National Institute of Vegetables, Ornamental plants and Tea Anocho, Mieken, 5142392, Japan Email: an.ignatov@gmail.com Distribution and inheritance of «A» and «B» types of seed coat in populations of B. rapa originated from Europe, Central Asia, China and Japan was studied. «A» type seeds were found in Central Asian and Japanese populations represented by toria, Asian turnip and plants of «B». rapa ssp. nipposinica (L.H.Bailey) Hanelt. In intraspecific crosses, «A» type of seed coat was con trolled by two complementary dominant genes. Keywords: turnip, quantitative traits, inheritance, taxonomy. PROBLEMS OF STORAGE AND PROCESSING OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTS EFFECT OF SOIL TYPE AND STORAGE CONDITION ON FRUIT QUALITY OF PUMPKIN Machulkina V.A.1 , Sannikova T.A.1 1 2 , Pavlov L.V.2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetables and Melons 416341, Astrakhan region, Kamizyak, Lubitsch st., 16 Tel. 8 (85145) 95907 Email: vniiob@kam.astranet.ru 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable , Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya St., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The results of pumpkin fruits storage in natural envi ronment of storage facilities during six months are pre sented. The influence of soil type and pumpkin variety on the content of main chemicals and changes of fruit quality during storage has been found. After six month of storage as a result of fruit spoiling, the quality of pumpkin fruits was reduced up to 22,624,4% in cv. Krupnoplodnaya and up to 5.97.7 % in cv. Kroshka. The excess of nitrates and toxic elements above the maximum permissible values in the fruits of all varieties of pumpkin was not observed. Keywords: pumpkin, variety, soil type, standard, stor age, toxic elements, biochemical parameters. AGROTEKHNICS OF VEGETABLE CROPS INFLUENCE OF SOWING SCHEMES AND PLANT DENSITY ON PRODUCTIVITY AND AVERAGE FRUITS WEIGHT OF THE TOMATO CV. LYANA Ahmedova P.M. 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Dagestan Institute of Agriculture them. FG Kisriev (FGBNU Dagestan Agricultural Research Institute) 367014, Russia, Dagestan, Makhachkala, Ave A.Akushinskogo, Science Park Email: dagniisx@mail.ru The advantage of the wideband and stripped scheme of sowing of the earlyripening tomato cultivar Lyana in nonseedling culture is shown. Keywords: tomato, planting schemes, plant density, variety, yield. ALTERNATIVE FERTILIZER SYSTEM, ITS INFLUENCE ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF LATERIPENING WHITE HEAD CABBAGE Goncharenko V.E., Mozgovsky A.F. Institute of Vegetables and Melons of Ukraine 62478, Ukraine, Kharkiv region, St. Institutskaja 1, vil lage Selectsionnoe, tel. (8057) 7489191 Email: mozgovskij@rambler.ru In conditions of the Left Bank Forest Steppe of Ukraine, the following scheme aimed to increase in productivity of lateripening white head cabbage up to 65.7 t / ha is proposed. After predecessor harvesting it is advisable to straw plowback with simultaneous application of N40 followed by sowing and plowing of greenmanure of wiki with preapplication of N60P60K45 and three times plant feeding (development of 56 leaves, begin ning of the formation of rosettes leaves, and formation of head) by Kristalon at concentration of 3 kg / ha. For the system of «organic farming», the application of the microbiologic specimens Baikal EM1U or Fitotsidr and Azotofitr is recommended. Keywords: lateripening white head cabbage, fertilizers, oil radish, brown Kristalon, microbiological specimens, quality of products. MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY STATIONARYMOBILE SEEDS EXTRACTOR FROM FRUITS OF CUCURBIT CROPS Tokarev P.N., Voinov A.I., Tsiganok N.S. Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo district, VNIISSOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: vniissok@mail.ru The technical specifications and test data in 20122014 of a new fixedmobile seed extractor of pumpkin and squash seeds (varieties of different ripeness, size and shape of fruit and seeds) are presented. Keywords: fruit, seeds, separation, device, quality (without damaging of the embryo and losses), versatil ity, performance, reliability. AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT EVALUATION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF VEGETABLES PRODUCTION IN PRIVOLZKJSKY FEDERAL DISTRICT Zharov A.N. – associate professor of chair «Management and economy of agribusiness» Zharova L.L. – associate professor of chair «Agriculture, genetics and plant protection» научнопрактический журнал [ 3 ] Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Faculty of Agricultural 117198, Russia, Moscow, MiklukhoMaklaya st., 8 Email: a_n_zharov@mail.ru The sustainability of potato production in the Privolzhsky federal district was evaluated with the use of statistical methods. The effect of changes of yield and acreage on the production of the culture was eval uated. The stability of levels of dynamic series is esti mated. The stability of production dynamics has been measured with the use of trend models. Keywords: vegetables, sustainable development, regions of Russian Federation, Privoljsky Federal District, statistical methods. PLANTS PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY PROPERTIES OF STAINING EXTRACT FROM INFLORESCENCES AND LEAVES OF AMARANTH AND ITS APPLICATION POTENTIAL Gins M.S.1 ,2 1 , Torres Mino C.J.2 , Gins E.M.2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (FGBNU VNIISSOK) 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo, VNIIS SOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: anirr@bk.ru 2 Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Faculty of Agricultural 117198, Russia, Moscow, MiklukhoMaklaya st., 8 Email: carlosjavier12@yahoo.com The peculiarities of accumulation and sustainability of the betacyanins's pigment of antioxidant Amaranthin in the inflorescences of different species of amaranth have been discussed. The method of extraction of the betacyanins's staining pigment from inflorescences of amaranth (cv. Valentina) has been proposed. The opti mal storage conditions of the betacyanins's staining pigment have been found. Keywords: amaranth, betacyanins's staining pigment, Amaranthine, extract, irrigation module. VEGETABLES GEOGRAPHY IV INTERNATIONAL BROCCOLI CONSUMPTION CONFERENCE «BROCCOLI. THE TASTE OF NATURE» Frolova O.1 , Tareeva M.M. 2 1 Advertising agency OMI 121248, Russia, Moscow, Kutuzov Avenue., 12 Email: OFrolova@omi.ru 2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (FGBNU VNIISSOK) 143080, Russia, Moscow region, Odintsovo, VNIIS SOK, Selectsionnaya st., 14 Email: tareevamarina@rambler.ru The IV International Broccoli consumption conference «Broccoli. The taste of nature» was hold on 7 and 8 October 2014 in the hotel NARVIL Conference & Spa in Serotsk (Poland) with the support of Sakata. The event was dedicated to the production, marketing, con sumption and useful properties of broccoli. Keywords: broccoli, production, marketing, medical properties. INFLUENCE OF WEATHER CONDITIONS ON RED BEET YIELD IN VARIOUS ZONES OF THE FORE CAUCASUS Gaplaev M.S. Chechen State University 364907, Russia, Chechen Republic, Grozny, Sheripova st., 32 Email: mail@chesu.ru Based on the researches conducted in conditions of vertical zonality of the Chechen Republic, the high yielding varieties of red beet in the certain climate and environmental conditions were selected. Moving from the plain zone to the piedmont and the mountain zones, the yield of red beet roots has increased by 1,6 3,4 t/ha regardless of early ripeness of cultivars and hybrids. Application of mathematical modeling allows the selection of the varieties, which are able to realize their yield potential in various conditions. Keywords: red beet, yield, temperature, rainfall. овощи россии № 4 (25) 2014
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