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International Sports Law (5000,00 руб.)

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Первый авторZakharova., Larisa I.
АвторыBekyashev K. A., The Kutafin Moscow State Law University
ИздательствоМ.: Проспект
Страниц239
ID711477
АннотацияThe Textbook was prepared in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard for Higher Education as applied to specialisation 40.03.01 «Jurisprudence» (Bachelor (degree) qualification) and the syllabus of the academic discipline «International Sports Law», approved by the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University in January 2017. The Textbook consists of 17 chapters. They correspond to the themes of the syllabus of the academic discipline. In its General part, the history, object, subjects, sources, special principles of international sports law, the process of regulation of international sports relations at the universal level within the framework of the United Nations, its specialised agencies and programs, at the regional level within the Council of Europe and the European Union, at the bilateral level are considered. The Author makes a corresponding distinction with the object, subjects, sources, special principles of lex sportiva, a set of corporate norms elaborated by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, international and national sports federations. Special attention is paid to the study of ways of resolving sports disputes through arbitration and appeal proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), by means of judicial proceedings in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The Special Part of the Textbook identifies problem areas that require additional efforts to implement international legal and corporate regulations: the use of doping in sport, violence and hooligan behaviour of spectators and fans, environmental protection when organising international sports competitions, economic crimes and discrimination in international sports, protection of property rights with regard to television and radio broadcasts of international sports competitions, the use of Olympic symbols, countering threats to a healthy lifestyle. International instruments and acts of the Russian legislation are as of May 2018.
Кому рекомендованоThe Textbook will be of interest for Bachelor students of law, lecturers of higher education institutions, practicing lawyers, staff members of organizations of the Olympic and Paralympic movements, as well as for all those whose academic interests and practical activities are connected with international law, sports law and lex sportivа.
ISBN978-5-392-28461-0
УДК796:34
ББК75.4
Zakharova.,, L. I. International Sports Law [Электронный ресурс] : Textbook for Bachelor Students / ред.: K.A. Bekyashev, The Kutafin Moscow State Law University, L. I. Zakharova., .— М. : Проспект, 2018 .— 239 с. — Текст на англ. яз. — ISBN 978-5-392-28461-0 .— Режим доступа: https://rucont.ru/efd/711477

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International_Sports_Law._Textbook_for_Bachelor_Students.pdf
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International_Sports_Law._Textbook_for_Bachelor_Students.pdf
THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION KUTAFIN MOSCOW STATE LAW UNIVERSITY Larisa I. Zakharova INTERNATIONAL SPORTS LAW Textbook for Bachelor Students Edited by Doctor of Science (Law), Professor, Honoured Scholar of the Russian Federation Kamil A. Bekyashev Moscow 2018
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UDC 796:34 BBC 75.4 Z-38 Electronic versions of books at www.prospekt.org Author: of thLarisa I. Zakharova, PhD (Law), Associate Professor of the International Law Department e Kutafin Moscow State Law University, member of the FIFA Appeal Committee. Reviewer: Victor N. Sidorov, PhD (Law), Associate Professor of the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University. Editor: pKamil A. Bekyashev, Doctor of Science (Law), Professor of the International Law DeFartment of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Honoured Scholar of the Russian ederation. Z-38 Larisa I. Zakharova shInternational Sports Law: Textbook for Bachelor Students / ed. by K. A. Bekyaev.— Moscow : Prospekt, 2018. — 240 p. for Higher Education as applied to specialisation ISBN 978-5-392-28461-0 The Textbook was prepared in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard niversity in January 2017. th The Textbook consists of 17 chapters. They correspond to the themes of the syllabus of nion, at the bilateral level are considered. The Author makes a corresponding distinction e with the object, subjects, sources, special principles of lex sportiva, a set of corporate norms 40.03.01 “Jurisprudence” (Bachelor L (degree) qualification) and the syllabus of the academic discipline “International Sports Uaw”, approved by the International Law Department of the Kutafin Moscow State Law pre academic discipline. In its General part, the history, object, subjects, sources, special Uies and programs, at the regional level within the Council of Europe and the European inciples of international sports law, the process of regulation of international sports relactions at the universal level within the framework of the United Nations, its specialised agenlaborated by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, international and national sports federations. Special attention is paid to the study of ways of resolving sports disputes through arbitration and appeal proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), by means of judicial proceedings in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The Special Part of the Textbook identifies problem areas that require additional efforts v to implement international legal and corporate regulations: the use of doping in sport, oiolence and hooligan behaviour of spectators and fans, environmental protection when narganising international sports competitions, economic crimes and discrimination in interof inttional sports, protection of property rights with regard to television and radio broadcasts ernational sports competitions, the use of Olympic symbols, countering threats to a Pation institutions, practicing lawyers, staff members of organizations of the Olympic and t aralympic movements, as well as for all those whose academic interests and practical acivities are connected with international law, sports law and lex sportivа. UDC 796:34 BBC 75.4 ISBN 978-5-392-28461-0 ©© Захарова Л. И., 2018 ООО «Проспект», 2018 healthy lifestyle. International instruments and acts of the Russian legislation are as of May 2018. c The Textbook will be of interest for Bachelor students of law, lecturers of higher edu
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CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................................10 Abbreviations .....................................................................................................................12 GENERAL PART Chapter 1. OBJECT OF REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL SPORTS LAW AND LEX SPORTIVА. FORMATION OF THE OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC MOVEMENT .............14 1.1. Notion and the Object of the Legal Regulation in International Sports Law .......................................................................14 1.2. Place of the Norms Regulating International Sports Relations in the Legal System. The Notion of Lex Sportivа ..............................18 1.3. The Formation of the Modern Olympic and the Paralympic Movement. The Formation of Lex Olympica ........................................21 Control Questions and Tasks ........................................................................................28 Bibliography .......................................................................................................................28 Chapter 2. SUBJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS LAW ......................29 2.1. Subjects of International Sports Law: Concept, Types ......................29 2.2. The International Personality of States .................................................31 2.3. The International Personality of International Governmental Organizations .................................................................................................32 Control Questions and Tasks ........................................................................................34 Bibliography and Normative Acts ...............................................................................34 Chapter 3. SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS LAW .......................35 3.1. Sources of International Sports Law: Concept and Types................35 3.2. International Treaties as a Source of International Sports Law .... 37
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4 Contents 3.3. International Legal Customs as a Source of International Sports Law .......................................................................................................40 3.4. Resolutions of International Governmental Organizations as a Source of International Sports Law ...............................................41 3.5. Unilateral Acts of States as a Source of International Sports Law .......................................................................................................44 3.6. Decisions of International Non-Governmental Organizations of the Olympic Movement as a Source of Lex Sportiva ...................46 3.7. Jurisprudence of International Courts and Arbitral Tribunals as a Subsidiary Means for Determining Rules of International Sports Law and Lex Sportivа ..................................................................... 47 Control Questions and Tasks ........................................................................................48 Bibliography and Normative Acts ...............................................................................49 Chapter 4. SPECIAL PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS LAW ...........................................................................................50 4.1. The Concept and Classifi cation of Special Principles of International Sports Law .......................................................................50 4.2. The Content and Normative Consolidation of Special Principles of International Sports Law ..................................................51 4.3. The Concept, Scope and Normative Consolidation of Special Principles of Corporate Regulation of Sports Activities (lex sportiva) ...................................................................................................53 Control Questions and Tasks ........................................................................................56 Bibliography and Normative Acts ..............................................................................56 Chapter 5. REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS RELATIONS AT THE UNIVERSAL LEVEL IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE UNITED NATIONS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES AND PROGRAMMES .....................57 5.1. The Role of the UN Bodies in Regulating the Organization of International Sports Activities............................................................. 57 5.2. The Activities of UNESCO in the Field of Physical Education and Sport and Its Cooperation with the IOC .......................................62 5.3. The Interaction between UNEP and the IOC. Agenda 21 of the Olympic Movement of 1999 ..................................64 5.4. The Cooperation of WIPO and the IOC in the Protection of the Olympic Symbol ................................................................................66
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Contents 5 5.5. Cooperation of WHO and the IOC in Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle ........................................................................................70 Control Questions and Tasks ........................................................................................71 Bibliography and Normative Acts ...............................................................................72 Chapter 6. REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS RELATIONS AT THE UNIVERSAL LEVEL WITHIN THE ORGANIZATIONS OF THE OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC MOVEMENTS ..................................................73 6.1. Legal Status of International Non-Governmental Organizations of the Olympic Movement .............................................73 6.2. The IOC Olympic Charter (in force as from 15 September 2017) – the Basis of Lex Olympica. Its Features, Structure, Content ........................................................................................75 6.3. Subjects of Corporate Relations in the Field of Sports ....................85 6.3.1. The International Olympic Committee (IOC): the Structure, Mandate, Main Directions of Activities ...........85 6.3.2. International Sports Federations for Olympic Sports ...........93 6.3.3. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC): the Structure, Mandate, Main Directions of Activities ........ 101 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 116 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 116 Chapter 7. ACTIVITIES OF THE COURT OF ARBITRATION FOR SPORT (CAS) ................................................................................ 118 7.1. The Creation of CAS and National Sport Arbitration Tribunal .......................................................................................................... 118 7.2. Competence of the International Council of Arbitration for Sport. ........................................................................................................ 121 7.3. The Competence of the CAS: Arbitration and Mediation in the Settlement of Sport Disputes ................................................... 122 7.4. Requirements for CAS Arbitrators .......................................................... 123 7.5. General Characteristics of Arbitration and Appeal Proceedings in CAS ............................................................ 124 7.6. Major Categories of Cases before CAS ..................................................127 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 133 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 133
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6 Contents Chapter 8. REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS RELATIONS AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE AND THE EUROPEAN UNION ............................ 134 8.1. The Activities of the Council of Europe in the elaboration of International Instruments in the Field of Sport ......................... 134 8.2. The Adoption of Non-Binding Acts in the Field of Sports at the Council of Europe. Ministerial Conferences on Sports ......137 8.3. The Competence of the European Union (EU) in the Field of Sports ................................................................................ 138 8.4. Judicial Practice in the Resolution of Sports Disputes in the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union (Court of Justice of the European Communities) ............................................................................................... 142 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 145 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 145 Chapter 9. REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS RELATIONS AT THE BILATERAL LEVEL .................................. 147 9.1. The Concept and Types of Bilateral Treaties and Agreements on Sport, Tourism, Youth Policy ..............................................................147 9.2. The Content of Bilateral Agreements of the Russian Federation in the Field of Sports ......................................................... 148 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 152 Bibliography and Normative Acts ........................................................................... 153 SPECIAL PART Chapter 10. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN FIGHTING AGAINST DOPING IN SPORT ........................................................ 154 10.1. The History of the Emergence of Doping and the Fight Against it Within the Framework of the Olympic Movement .................................................................................................... 154 10.2. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA): its Legal Status, Competence, the 2003 World Anti-Doping Code (as amended on 1 January 2015) ......................................................... 155 10.3. The 2005 UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport: its Structure, Contents, and a Control Mechanism .................................................................................................. 161
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Contents 7 10.4. Fight Against Doping Within the Council of Europe. The 1989 Anti-Doping Convention of the Council of Europe and its 2002 Additional Protocol .................................... 165 10.5. The Problem of Doping in Russian Sports........................................ 166 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 171 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 171 Chapter 11. THE PROBLEM OF VIOLENCE AND HOOLIGAN BEHAVIOUR OF FANS DURING INTERNATIONAL SPORTS EVENTS ............................................................................... 172 11.1. The European Convention on Spectator Violence and Misbehaviour at Sports Events and in Particular at Football Matches of 1985: its Structure, Contents, and a Control Mechanism .................................................................................................. 172 11.2. The Council of Europe Convention on an Integrated Safety, Security and Service Approach at Football Matches and Other Sports Events of 2016: its Structure, Contents, and a Control Mechanism ...................................................................... 175 11.3. Acts of Corporate Regulation of Organizations of the Olympic Movement Prohibiting Violence and Hooligan Behaviour of Supporters ............................................ 179 11.4. Participation of the Russian Federation in Resolving the Problem of Violence and Hooligan Behaviour of Sports Fans ............................................................................................ 181 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 183 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 184 Chapter 12. ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ORGANIZING INTERNATIONAL SPORTS COMPETITIONS....................... 185 12.1. Environmental Protection in the Process of Sports Activities Development .......................................................................... 185 12.2. 1999 Olympic Movement’s Agenda 21 as a Result of Cooperation Between the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the IOC Sport and Environment Commission ......... 186 12.3. Environmental Protection within the Olympic Movement ........ 192 12.4. Ecological and Legal Aspects of Organising the Olympic Games in Sochi in 2014 and the World Cup in 2018 ................... 195 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 199 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 199
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8 Contents Chapter 13. ECONOMIC CRIMES IN SPORT .................................................. 201 13.1. Corruption as the Violation of the Principle of Fair Play ........... 201 13.2. Fight Against Economic Crimes in Sport within the UN Framework ................................................................................................... 202 13.3. Fight Against Corruption Within the Council of Europe ............. 203 13.4. Anti-Corruption Legislation of the Russian Federation .............. 205 Control Questions and Tasks ......................................................................................207 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 208 Chapter 14. COMBATING DISCRIMINATION IN INTERNATIONAL SPORT .......................................................... 209 14.1. Prohibition of Any Form of Discrimination in International Law. International legal Acts Prohibiting Political, Religious, Racial Discrimination in Sport ............................................................. 209 14.2. Prohibition of Any Form of Discrimination in Lex Sportiva. Recommendation 14 of the “Olympic Agenda-2020” .................. 212 14.3. Fair Play Movement: its History, Purposes, and Structure .......... 218 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 219 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 219 Chapter 15. PROBLEMS OF PROTECTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS TO TELEVISION AND RADIO BROADCASTING OF INTERNATIONAL SPORTS COMPETITIONS ................ 221 15.1. International Legal Acts on the Protection of Related Rights of Broadcasting Organizations ............................................. 221 15.2. Formation of Protection of the Rights to Television and Radio Broadcasting of International Sports Competitions Within the Framework of the Olympic Movement ........................ 223 15.3. Provisions of the Olympic Charter Concerning Protection of Rights to Television and Radio Broadcasting of International Sports Competitions ................................................ 225 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 226 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................ 226 Chapter 16. LEGAL ISSUES OF THE USE OF OLYMPIC SYMBOLS ... 228 16.1. The Nairobi Treaty of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol of 26 September 1981: its Structure, Content, and Signifi cance ........................................................................................ 228
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Contents 9 16.2. The IOC Exclusive Rights to Olympic Property. Sponsorship and Licensing Agreements .................................................................... 230 16.3. Legal Issues of Using Olympic Symbols in Preparation for the Olympic Games in Sochi in 2014.......................................... 232 Control Questions and Tasks ..................................................................................... 233 Bibliography and Normative Acts ........................................................................... 233 Chapter 17. THE FIGHT OF THE WHO AND THE IOC AGAINST THREATS TO HEALTHY LIFESTYLE ......................................... 234 17.1. The WHO and IOC Efforts to Control Tobacco ................................ 234 17.2. The WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health of 2004: its Structure, Content, and Signifi cance ........................................................................................ 235 17.3. Memorandum of Understanding Between the WHO and the IOC to Promote Healthy Lifestyle of 2010: its Content, Controlling Body, the Main Areas of Joint Activities ...................................................................................................... 236 Control Questions and Tasks ......................................................................................237 Bibliography and Normative Acts ............................................................................237
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