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Cравнительные исследования по вопросительным предложениям в диалектах китайского языка —— диалекты в провинции Шаньси,Шэньси и Внутренней Монголии как примеры (405,46 руб.)

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Первый авторГуо Лися
ИздательствоИздателбство Нанькайского Университета
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ID733755
АннотацияДаннвя книга изучает вопросительные предложения в диалектах китайского языка.
ISBN978-7-310-05022-2
Гуо, Л. Cравнительные исследования по вопросительным предложениям в диалектах китайского языка —— диалекты в провинции Шаньси,Шэньси и Внутренней Монголии как примеры [Электронный ресурс] / Л. Гуо .— : Издателбство Нанькайского Университета, 2015 .— 673 с. — ISBN 978-7-310-05022-2 .— Режим доступа: https://rucont.ru/efd/733755

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Cравнительные_исследования_по_вопросительным_предложениям_в_диалектах_китайского_языка_——_диалекты_в_провинции_Шаньси,Шэньси_и_Внутренней_Монголии_как_примеры.pdf
利霞著.-天津:南开大学出版社,2015.12 I (南开大学汉语言文化学院博士文库) 图书在版编目(CIP)数据 汉语方言疑问句比较研究 :以晋陕蒙三地为例/郭 对比研究 Ⅳ.①H17 中国版本图书馆CIP数据核字(2015)第284484号 版权所有 侵权必究 营销部传真:(022)23508542 邮购部电话:(022)23502200 * 地址:天津市南开区卫津路94号 邮政编码:300071 营销部电话:(022)23508339 23500755 南开大学出版社出版发行 出版人:孙克强 天津市蓟县宏图印务有限公司印刷 全国各地新华书店经销 如遇图书印装质量问题,请与本社营销部联系调换,电话:(022)23507125 210×148毫米 32开本 14.75印张 2插页 364千字 定价:38.00元 2015年12月第1版 2015年12月第1次印刷 * SBN978-7-310-05022-2 Ⅰ.①汉… Ⅱ.①郭… Ⅲ.①汉语方言-方言研究
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目 录 第一章 导 论 ····························································· 1 1.1 选题意义和目的 ················································· 1 1.2 研究综述 ·························································· 3 1.2.1 方言语法研究综述 ····································· 3 1.2.2 疑问句研究 ············································ 10 1.3 晋语概况及本文研究材料 ··································· 14 1.4 理论和方法 ····················································· 16 1.5 本文结构及常用符号说明 ··································· 19 第二章 疑问语气词问句 ··············································· 21 2.1 用语气词“吗”等的问句 ··································· 24 2.1.1 “吗”问句的分布及用法 ···························· 24 2.1.2 “吗”的讨论 ··········································· 28 2.1.3 文献中的疑问语气词 ································ 30 2.2 期望肯定回答的“吧”问句 ································ 33 2.2.1 “吧”问句的分布及用法 ···························· 33 2.2.2 “吧”和“哇”的历史考察························· 41 2.3 用“呢”等的问句 ············································ 50 2.3.1 “呢”问句的形式和分布 ···························· 50 2.3.2 “呢”问句疑问功能的实现························· 61 2.3.3 “呢”的历时考察 ····································· 62 2.4 小结 ······························································ 81
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·2· 汉语方言疑问句比较研究——以晋陕蒙三地为例 第三章 语调问句 ························································ 84 3.1 语调问句的功能和意义 ······································ 92 3.1.1 肯定性预期的低平语调问句 ······················· 92 3.1.2 否定性预期的高升语调问句 ······················· 98 3.1.3 表询问的高升语调问句 ···························· 103 3.1.4 表反问的高升语调问句 ···························· 107 3.1.5 语调问句构成的连续统 ···························· 110 3.2 语调问句在方言中的大致分布 ···························· 111 3.2.1 语调问句在北方方言的分布 ······················ 111 3.2.2 语调问句在南方方言的分布 ······················ 117 3.3 语调问句的历时考察 ········································ 126 3.3.1 先秦两汉 ·············································· 127 3.3.2 魏晋南北朝 ··········································· 129 3.3.3 唐五代 ················································· 132 3.3.4 两宋 ···················································· 134 3.3.5 元代 ···················································· 137 3.3.6 明代 ···················································· 140 3.3.7 清代 ···················································· 150 3.3.8 晋语区作家作品中的语调问句 ··················· 154 3.4 小结 ····························································· 161 第四章 疑问代词问句 ················································· 162 4.1 疑问代词的形式及功能 ····································· 162 4.1.1 问人 ···················································· 162 4.1.2 问物 ···················································· 168 4.1.3 问处所 ················································· 173 4.1.4 问时间 ················································· 183 4.1.5 问情状方式 ··········································· 192 4.1.6 问原因目的 ··········································· 200
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目 录 ·3· 4.1.7 问数量 ················································· 206 4.1.8 问程度 ················································· 214 4.1.9 问指别 ················································· 219 4.1.10 多疑问点的问句 ···································· 222 4.1.11 疑问代词的非疑问用法 ··························· 226 4.2 部分疑问代词探源 ··········································· 238 4.2.1 询问事物 ·············································· 238 4.2.2 问处所及表指别 ····································· 242 4.2.3 询问数量 ·············································· 252 4.2.4 询问程度 ·············································· 260 4.2.5 疑问代词的非疑问用法 ···························· 268 4.3 小结 ····························································· 273 第五章 “VP –NEG–(VP)”问句 ··································· 275 5.1 问句形式及地域分布 ········································ 275 5.1.1 “VP -(PRT)-NEG” ······························ 276 5.1.2 能性问句、带“是”“有”的问句 ·············· 308 5.1.3 “VP-(PRT)-NEG-V” ··························· 340 5.1.4 “VP-(PRT)NEG-VP” ·························· 344 5.1.5 “VP-VP” ············································· 356 5.1.6 问句形式做句子成分 ······························· 361 5.2 相关问题讨论 ················································· 368 5.2.1 “VP-NEG-(VP)”问句中的省略现象 ········· 368 5.2.2 句中嵌入词 ··········································· 373 5.2.3 句末否定词 ··········································· 378 5.2.4 “VP-NEG-(VP)”问句与是非问句及 选择问句的关系 ····································· 390 5.3 小结 ····························································· 393
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·4· 汉语方言疑问句比较研究——以晋陕蒙三地为例 第六章 列项选择问句 ················································· 396 6.1 晋陕蒙三地晋语列项选择问句的格式 ··················· 397 6.1.1 无词汇标记的选择问句 ···························· 397 6.1.2 只用连接词的选择问句 ···························· 401 6.1.3 只用语气词的选择问句 ···························· 410 6.1.4 连接词和语气词配合使用的问句 ················ 420 6.1.5 选择问句和其他问句连用及混合式 ············· 432 6.1.6 列项选择形式充当陈述句成分 ··················· 437 6.1.7 “山药蛋派”作品中的选择问句 ················· 440 6.2 汉语方言中的选择问标记 ·································· 444 6.2.1 方言中无词汇标记的选择问句 ··················· 444 6.2.2 “(还)是”等做选择问标记 ······················ 446 6.2.3 语气词做选择问标记的方言 ······················ 452 6.3 选择问句的历时考察 ········································ 464 6.3.1 无词汇标记的选择问句 ···························· 464 6.3.2 选择问句中连接词的更替 ························· 474 6.3.3 只用语气词的列项选择问 ························· 487 6.3.4 做选择问标记的语气词的性质 ··················· 495 6.3.5 选择问句和其他问句的关系 ······················ 497 6.4 小结 ···························································· 501 第七章 用副词“敢(是)”的问句 ································· 504 7.1 “敢(是)”的用法 ··········································· 506 7.1.1 表反诘 ················································· 507 7.1.2 表猜度 ················································· 508 7.1.3 “敢是”与其他疑问手段同现····················· 517 7.1.4 不用“敢(是)”或不止用“敢(是)”的 方言 ···················································· 530 7.1.5 “敢(是)”等用于非疑问句 ······················ 537
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目 录 ·5· 7.1.6 “敢(是)”的用法小结 ···························· 549 7.2 方言中的“敢(是)”及相关问题 ······················· 551 7.2.1 “敢(是)”在方言中的分布 ······················ 551 7.2.2 方言中副词问句的相关用法 ······················ 553 7.2.3 “可”和“敢”在方言中的并存 ················· 556 7.3 “敢/可是”的历时考察 ····································· 559 7.3.1 “敢”的用法总览及其与“可”的并存 ········ 559 7.3.2 元代“可”和“敢”的用法 ······················ 563 7.3.3 明代“可”和“敢”的用法 ······················ 569 7.3.4 清代“可”和“敢”的用法 ······················ 576 7.3.5 相关问题讨论 ········································ 580 7.4 小结 ····························································· 591 第八章 结 语 ·························································· 594 8.1 本文的几个视角 ·············································· 595 8.1.1 共时与历时 ··········································· 595 8.1.2 自变与他变 ··········································· 598 8.1.3 共性与个性 ··········································· 601 8.1.4 语法与语用 ··········································· 603 8.2 本文的不足 ···················································· 605 参考文献 ··································································· 607 附录一:各地发音人一览表 ··········································· 641 附录二:晋陕蒙三地疑问句分布图 ·································· 649 后 记 ······································································ 453
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