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The metod simplifing inverse Laplace transformatijn at ossillatory processes researchet: Учебное пособие

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Первый авторZolotarev I. D.
Страниц66
ID342
АннотацияThe research method processes in oscillatory systems in stated.It permits essenyial simplification of the most difficult operation in finding solution of a sistem differential equation - inverse Laplace transformation.
Кем рекомендованоСибирским региональным отделением учебно-методического объединения по образованию в области энергетики и электротехники в качестве учебного пособия
Кому рекомендованодля студентов, обучающихся по направлениям 654200 "Радиотехника", 654400 "Телекоммуникации", 645500 "Электротехника, электромеханика и электротехнология"
ISBN--5-7779-0472-6
УДК621.396.6+517.442(075)
ББК82
Zolotarev, I.D. The metod simplifing inverse Laplace transformatijn at ossillatory processes researchet: Учебное пособие / I.D. Zolotarev .— опубликовано впервые .— 2004 .— 66 с. — ISBN --5-7779-0472-6

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Sc., professor (Head of Applied Mathematics Chair of Omsk State University of Transport) V.K. Okishev Translated by D.A. Timochenko Z 82 I.D. Zolotarev THE METHOD SIMPLIFYING INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION AT OSCILLATORY PROCESSES RESEARCHES. <...> THE "AMPLITUDE, PHASE, FREQUENCY" PROBLEM IN RADIOELECTRONICS AND ITS SOLUTION Tutorial This book is recommended by Siberian regional department of teaching methological association education in the field of energetics and electrotechniques as educational textbook for interuniversity practice Zolotarev I.D. The Method Simplifying Inverse Laplace Transformation At Oscillatory Processes Researches. <...> The "Amplitude, Phase, Frequency" Problem In Radioelectronics And Its Solution / Transl. by DA Timochenko: Tutorial. – Omsk: OmSU Publishing, 2004. – 132 p. <...> ISBN 5-7779-0472-6 The research method of transient processes in oscillatory systems is stated. <...> It permits essential simplification of the most difficult operation in finding solution of a system differential equation – inverse Laplace transformation. <...> It is shown that complex signal provides correct definition of an envelope and phase of a real signal using this method. <...> The obviousness of obtained solutions is achieved by engaging the spectral method. <...> The examples of transient processes calculation in developing radioelectronic devices are given. <...> Д., 2004 © Омский госуниверситет, 2004 © Zolotarev I.D., 2004 © Omsk State University, 2004 © Timoshenko D.A., transl. from Rus. into Engl., 2004 ISBN 5-7779-0472-6 2 INTRODUCTION At development of radioelectronic devices for different purposes an engineer frequently has to solve a researching problem of impulse radiosignals passing through linear circuits. <...> For solving the task in the time domain the operational calculus based on integral Laplace transformations is widely used. <...> When considering the task in the frequency domain the spectral method based on integral Fourier transformations is applied. <...> Both these research approaches are tightly interlinked among themselves and sometimes are considered as a uniform method (the method of Fourier transformation). <...> When finding a response of a radioelectronic device (RED) to an impulse energization applying the operational calculus the most difficult operation is the inverse Laplace transformation (ILT) execution [1]. <...> The difficulty of ILT especially increases for important radioelectronic applications when a radioimpulse <...>
The_metod_simplifing_inverse_Laplace_transformatijn_at__ossillatory_processes_researchet_Учебное_пособие.pdf
Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation Omsk State University UDC 621.396.6+517.442(075) Z 82 Reviewers: Dr.Sc., professor (Head of Applied Mathematics Chair of Omsk State University of Transport) V.K. Okishev Translated by D.A. Timochenko Zolotarev I.D. I.D. Zolotarev THE METHOD SIMPLIFYING INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION AT OSCILLATORY PROCESSES RESEARCHES. THE "AMPLITUDE, PHASE, FREQUENCY" PROBLEM IN RADIOELECTRONICS AND ITS SOLUTION Tutorial This book is recommended by Siberian regional department of teaching methological association education in the field of energetics and electrotechniques as educational textbook for interuniversity practice Z 82 The Method Simplifying Inverse Laplace Transformation At Oscillatory Processes Researches. The "Amplitude, Phase, Frequency" Problem In Radioelectronics And Its Solution / Transl. by DA Timochenko: Tutorial. – Omsk: OmSU Publishing, 2004. – 132 p. ISBN 5-7779-0472-6 The research method of transient processes in oscillatory systems is stated. It permits essential simplification of the most difficult operation in finding solution of a system differential equation – inverse Laplace transformation. It is shown that complex signal provides correct definition of an envelope and phase of a real signal using this method. The obviousness of obtained solutions is achieved by engaging the spectral method. The examples of transient processes calculation in developing radioelectronic devices are given. This tutorial is intended for students, post-graduate students, engineers, scientific employees of both radio and electrotechnical specialities and also specialists in the field of measuring and automation technology while researching dynamics of oscillating systems. UDC 621.396.6+517.442(075) © Золотарев И.Д., 2004 © Омский госуниверситет, 2004 © Zolotarev I.D., 2004 OmSU Omsk Publishing 2004 2 ISBN 5-7779-0472-6 © Omsk State University, 2004 © Timoshenko D.A., transl. from Rus. into Engl., 2004
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INTRODUCTION At development of radioelectronic devices for different purposes an engineer frequently has to solve a researching problem of impulse radiosignals passing through linear circuits. For solving the task in the time domain the operational calculus based on integral Laplace transformations is widely used. When considering the task in the frequency domain the spectral method based on integral Fourier transformations is applied. Both these research approaches are tightly interlinked among themselves and sometimes are considered as a uniform method (the method of Fourier transformation). When finding a response of a radioelectronic device (RED) to an impulse energization applying the operational calculus the most difficult operation is the inverse Laplace transformation (ILT) execution [1]. The difficulty of ILT especially increases for important radioelectronic applications when a radioimpulse signal affects RED and if selective filters are included in a signal tract of RED (oscillating system). It is stipulated by the fact that for radioimpulse signals and such realizations of RED the imaging function (IF) of the researching system response for the input disturbance has complex conjugate poles (CCP) pairs. In these cases even for rather simple IF the difficulty and awkwardness of conversions when turning from the images space to the originals one essentially raise in comparison with finding solutions for real poles IF [2]. In the meantime the existing tendency of extreme increasing of information processing speed in radiosystems requires to develop RED working in the dynamic mode when the conversions of a signal, taking off and processing its informative parameter are executed not after the termination of transient processes (TP) in the output of the informative channel but during these processes. Generally because of inevitable TP presence at energization of a radioelectronic system by an impulse signal the form of it is distorted. The specified distortions corrupt the informative parameter of a signal (originate definite dynamic errors in system functioning). The researching TP in a system for the purpose of minimization of an error imported to the signal informative parameter by transient processes is one of necessary development stages for modern RED operating in the dynamic mode. Therefore the problem of development of methods simplifying researches of 3 transient processes in electronic devices always attracts a serious attention of specialists [l–6]. The most prevalent at researches of transient processes in radiosystems is the method of slowly varying envelopes (SVE) designed by S. I. Evtyanov. In this method essential decreasing of difficulty in solving linear differential equations (DE) while researching TP in oscillating systems is achieved applying some particular simplifying assumptions (asymptotic method of the small parameter). In this case the initial DE communicating the response of the linear system and the energizing radiosignal are converted into truncated symbolical equations regarding to SVE [2]. The more narrow-band signals and systems are studied the more precise solutions are obtained using the SVE method. As a measure of band narrowity of radiosignals and systems the ratios = ∆2 = ∆ s spectrum, c and of oscillating system, and ( c c – the filling high-frequency (HF), 2∆ – the bandwidth r – resonant system frequency are usually conr , where ∆ – the width of a radiosignal c s sidered. For narrow-band signals and systems we have the small parameters << 1, << 1). For wide-band and ultra wideband systems these parameters are comparable to the unit. Although the method of S. I. Evtyanov allows to simplify essentially the difficulties in finding an enough precise solution for an envelope of a signal in the output of a radiosystem it does not provide the authentic description of thin (phase) structure of an output radiosignal. Considering the greatest possibilities and advantages of phase information radiosystems operating in the dynamic mode [7] we notice that the specified disadvantage of the SVE method is rather essential. Designed in [5–10] method simplifying inverse Laplace transformation ensures the same reducing of difficulties in solution obtaining as the SVE method. However when using the method [5–10] the precise (accurate to phase) solution for the radiosignal in the output of an investigated radiosystem is obtained. Thus it is not necessary to introduce simplifying assumptions which are peculiar to asymptotic methods including the SVE one. Apart from great simplification of a solution determination by the method [5–10], application of it for the important cases of oscillatory processes researches allows to obtain a system response definition as a complex signal (CS). It facilitates dynamic modes in radiosystems 4 ω ω ω ε ω µ ω ω µ ω ω µ ε ε
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40. Zolotarev I.D. Simulation of a radio-frequency pulse with rectangular envelope by the analytical signal // Omsk science bulletin. 1997. Issue 1. P. 52–55. 41. Zolotarev I.D. The problem "Amplitude, Phase, Frequency" and its solution in radioengineering // Radiocommunications technique. 1997. Issue. 3. P. 3–10. INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................3 1. INITIAL STATEMENTS............................................................................6 1.1. The Function Of Time (Signal) ............................................................6 1.2. Setting The Task At Linear Systems Researching................................7 2. THE OPERATIONAL CALCULUS APPLICATION FOR SOLVING LINEAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS....................................................10 2.1. Initial Statements ................................................................................10 2.2. Direct Laplace Transformation...........................................................11 2.3. Inverse Laplace Transformation .........................................................12 2.4. The Images Of Basic Singular Functions ...........................................12 2.4.1. The -Function Image..................................................................12 2.4.2. The Unit Step Saltus Image .........................................................14 3. SOME OPERATIONAL CALCULUS THEOREMS...............................14 3.1. The Theorem Of Delay.......................................................................14 3.2 The Theorem Of Displacement In The Frequency Domain (The Theorem Of Transposition)...............................................................15 3.3. The Theorems Implying From Linear Properties Of Laplace Transformation ..........................................................................................16 3.4. The Theorem Of The Time Function Derivative Image.....................17 3.5 The Theorem Of The Real Variable Function Integral Image.............19 4. THE STANDARD FORM SIGNALS IMAGES ......................................20 4.1 The Exponential Impulse Image..........................................................20 4.2 The Image Of A Sine Wave Switching Function ................................21 4.3. The Image Of Oscillatory Processes With Exponential Envelope......22 4.4. The Image Of Secular Function Defined Signal.................................23 5. THE IMAGING EQUATION...................................................................26 6. THE TIME SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS...........................................29 6.1. The Impulse Response Of A System..................................................29 6.2. The Transient Response Of A System................................................30 7. THE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION INTEGRATION.............................32 7.1. The Operational Calculus Application For Linear Differential Equations Integration.................................................................................32 7.2. The Inversion Formula For The Image, Defined By FRF ..................33 8. THE EXAMPLES OF TRANSIENT PROCESSES CALCULATION OVER THE INVERSION FORMULA FOR FRF WITH SIMPLE POLES...........................................................................................................34 127 128 δ
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9. THE APPLICATION OF FOURIER TRANSFORMATION FOR THE ANALYSIS OF SIGNAL PASSING THROUGH THE INVESTIGATED TRACT............................................................................49 9.1. The Fourier Series ..............................................................................49 9.2. The Integral Fourier Transforms ........................................................53 9.3. The Complex Amplitude And Spectral Density Comparison As Well As The Fourier Series And Fourier Integral................................55 10. INTEGRAL FOURIER AND LAPLACE TRANSFORMATIONS.......57 10.1. The Link Between Integral Fourier And Laplace Transformations ........................................................................................57 10.2. The Generality And Differences Of The Operational Calculus And Spectral Researches Of Linear Electronic Circuits............................62 10.2.1. The Generality Of The Imaging Function And Signal Spectral Density ....................................................................................62 10.2.2. Some Limitations At Turning "Signal Image ↔ Signal Spectral Density" At The Substitution p j↔ ...................................63 10.2.3. The Turning From The System Imaging Equation To The Equation For Spectrums Of Input And Output Signals .........................70 10.2.4. The Tables Of The Spectral Method And Operational Calculus Comparison At Linear Differential Equations Integration .....75 11. THE METHOD SIMPLIFYING INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION..................................................................................77 11.1. The Task Statement ..........................................................................77 11.2. The Formula Simplifying ILT (The Case Of Simple CCP Of The Imaging Function) .....................................................................................79 11.3. The Examples Of Application Of The Inversion Formula Simplifying ILT.........................................................................................81 11.4. The Substantiation Of The Method Simplifying Inverse Laplace Transformation At Electronic Circuits Dynamic Oscillatory Modes Researches.................................................................................................92 12. THE COMPLEX SIGNAL AND THE "AMPLITUDE, PHASE, FREQUENCY" PROBLEM FOR OSCILLATORY PROCESSES .............99 12.1. The Statement Of The "Amplitude, Phase, Frequency" Problem In Radioelectronics....................................................................................99 12.2. The Analytical Signal.....................................................................103 12.3. The Spectrum Of The Analytical Signal. The Comparison Of Spectrums Of The Analytical And Complex Signals.........................109 12.4. The New Approach At Solving The Problem "Amplitude, Phase, Frequency" ...................................................................................114 129 130 12.5. The Representation Of AS Over CS For The Case Of Arbitrary Amplitude-Phase Modulation..................................................................119 INFERENCE...............................................................................................122 THE LIST OF ACCEPTED ABBREVIATIONS.......................................123 THE BIBLIOGRAPHY...............................................................................124 ω
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I.D. Zolotarev THE METHOD SIMPLIFYING INVERSE LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION AT OSCILLATORY PROCESSES RESEARCHES. THE "AMPLITUDE, PHASE, FREQUENCY" PROBLEM IN RADIOELECTRONICS AND ITS SOLUTION Tutorial Translated by D.A. Timoshenko Editor – L.M. Kitsina Technical editor – N.B. Moskvichjeva Editor of translation – L.K. Kondratjukova Подписано в печать 27.10.04. Формат бумаги 60х84 1/16. Печ. л. 8,25. Уч.-изд. л. 7,75. Тираж 150 экз. Заказ 572. Издательство ОмГУ 644077, г. Омск-77, пр. Мира, 55а, госуниверситет 131 132
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